The Schengen Area embodies 26 European countries with mutual border control. If anyone has a Schengen visa, they can travel from all these countries without any border restrictions. In 1985 this area came into existence when the Schengen agreement sign by the village the Schengen situated in Luxembourg.
What Is Meant By Schengen Agreement?
On June 14, 1985, Europe decided to remove border control between member countries. So they dressed the agreement that must sign by the participating country that does not want any border control with other EU member states, and this agreement is called Schengen Agreement.
Schengen Agreement History
In the beginning, not all EU member states agreed to sign this treaty due to security and safety measures till 1995, only five countries signed the Schengen agreement, and most of the countries to sign it after 2011.
The following EU countries signed the treaty up to 1995:
The main reason for this agreement is to make Europe a border-free continent, which means Europe only looks after their borders, not inside countries. The people of Europe(Visiting/Nationals) travel from one state to another without any visa restrictions, even no car checking on the borders, etc.
The main idea behind all these proposals was to build a “Europe without borders” with a single visa(Schengen Visa) policy.
Before the agreement implementation, most countries required approval of their visa to cross the borders, the end of the late 90s, only the European Union permitted a Schengen visa for visiting and traveling across EU member states.
How Many European Countries Are Currently The Part of Schengen Agreement?
Now the following 26 European countries signed the Schengen agreement:
Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland.
European Countries Which Are Not A Part of this Agreement
Here are the following EU states not yet part of the agreement, but they have free will to join this agreement anytime.
- United Kingdom
- Northern Ireland
Schengen Visa Important Requirement Must Need to Be Considered
- You can apply for a Schengen visa only for those EU countries which signed the agreement.
- After getting a Schengen visa you can stay up to 90 days, not more.
- Choose the Schengen visa type according to your trip purpose before applying.
- You can use a Schengen visa only inside the Schengen area.
- Attach all requirements with the Schengen visa application form carefully.
- It is suggested to submit the application form at the time of the interview.
- Must attach travel medical insurance documents with the application.